A tenancy of a residential property granted by a private landlord, private registered provider or registered social landlord under section 1 of the Housing Act 1988 (HA 1988), under which a dwelling house is let as a separate dwelling and where:
The tenant, or each of the joint tenants, is an individual.
The tenant, or at least one of the joint tenants, occupies the dwelling house as his only or principal home.
The tenancy is not one that cannot be an assured tenancy, for example, because the landlord is a local authority (Schedule 1, HA 1988).
An assured tenancy created on or after 28 February 1997 will automatically be an assured shorthold tenancy (AST) unless the landlord has served a notice on the tenant stating that the tenancy will not be an AST.