Energy performance certificates (EPC)

This note explains the regime of energy performance certificates (EPCs), display energy certificates (DECs) and compulsory air-conditioning inspections introduced by the Energy Performance of Buildings (Certificates and Inspections) (England and Wales) Regulations 2007.

It also summarises the effect of Council Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings (recast).

For a consideration of the provisions of sale contracts, leases and leasehold management documents that may be negotiated to deal with EPCs for commercial properties, see Practice note, Energy performance certificates: negotiation issues.

WARNING NOTE: The government announced changes to the EPC, DEC and air conditioning inspections regime, which came into force on 9 January 2013.

This note has not been updated to reflect the current law. The current guidance on EPCs issued by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) is unworkable, therefore, meaningful updating of this note cannot be undertaken until the guidance is re-issued.

For up-to-date information on the changes, see the following resources:

NOTE: The Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2015 (SI 2015/609) come into force on 6 April 2015 (see Legal update, Amendments to energy performance regulations coming into force on 6 April 2015). We are reviewing this note in the context of these regulations.

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