Equality Act 2010: destination table (employment)

Tables showing destinations for the key employment provisions of the Equal Pay Act 1970, Sex Discrimination Act 1975, Race Relations Act 1976, Disability Discrimination Act 1995, Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003, Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003, and Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006, which were replaced on 1 October 2010 (with minor exceptions) by the Equality Act 2010.

PLC Employment with Rachel Wright and Katie Lord, DLA Piper
Contents

The Equality Act 2010 (EqA 2010), most of which came into force on 1 October 2010 (see Equality Act 2010: tracker (www.practicallaw.com/7-386-0183)), was intended to harmonise and simplify discrimination law while also making a number of significant changes. It repealed the Equal Pay Act 1970, Sex Discrimination Act 1975, Race Relations Act 1976, Disability Discrimination Act 1995, Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003, Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003, and Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006 (except schedule 6).

The tables below set out the destinations for key employment law provisions of the old discrimination legislation, with links to the EqA 2010 and PLC practice notes on the new law. For all PLC Employment materials on the EqA 2010, see A toolkit: discrimination under the Equality Act 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3993).

 

Equal Pay Act 1970

A table showing destinations for the key provisions of the Equal Pay Act 1970 (EqPA 1970), which was repealed on 1 October 2010 following the introduction of the Equality Act 2010 (EqA 2010).

EqPA 1970

Description

EqA 2010

Commentary

Section 1(1)

Inclusion of equality clause in contract

Section 66(1)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Equality clauses (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(2)(a)

Application of equality clause - like work

Sections 64, 65(1) and 66(2)

See Equal pay: overview: Like work (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(2)(b)

Application of equality clause - work rated as equivalent

Sections 64, 65(1) and 66(2)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Work rated as equivalent (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(2)(c)

Application of equality clause - work of equal value

Sections 64, 65(1) and (6) and 66(2)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Work of equal value (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(2)(d)

Maternity-related pay

Sections 72, 73 and 74(1)-(5)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Effect of the maternity equality clause (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(2)(e)

Maternity leave and payment of bonus

Sections 72, 73 and 74(6)-(7)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Effect of the maternity equality clause (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(2)(f)

Pay increases during maternity leave

Sections 72, 73 and 74(8) and (10)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Effect of the maternity equality clause (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(3)

Genuine material factor defence

Section 69

Now the "material factor" defence, with explicit provisions for objective justification in cases of indirect discrimination. See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: The material factor defence (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(4)

Definition of like work

Section 65(2) and (3)

See Equal pay: overview: Like work (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(5)

Definition of work rated as equivalent

Section 65(4) and (5)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Work rated as equivalent (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(5A)

Definitions in relation to maternity equality

Sections 74(9)-(10) and 18

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Effect of the maternity equality clause (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(6)(a)

Definition of "employed"

Section 83(2)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Who can bring an equal pay claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854)

Section 1(6)(b)

Associated employers

Section 79(9)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: A man in the same employment (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(6A)

Office holders: application and definitions

Sections 49(2), 50(2), 52, 64(1)(b), 72(b), 79(5) and 83(8)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Who can bring an equal pay claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854)

Section 1(6B)

Office holders: further definitions

Section 49(10)-(11)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Who can bring an equal pay claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854)

Section 1(6C)

Office holders: exclusions

Section 52(5) and Paragraph 2, Schedule 6

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Who can bring an equal pay claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854)

Section 1(8)

Crown employment or statutory office: application

Sections 50, 79(5), 80(2)(b) and 83(2) and (7)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Who can bring an equal pay claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854)

Section 1(10)

Crown employment or statutory office: definitions

Section 83(2) and (9) and paragraph 2, schedule 6

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Who can bring an equal pay claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854)

Section 1(10A)

Application to House of Commons and House of Lords Staff

Sections 79(6)-(7) and 83(2), (5) and (6)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Who can bring an equal pay claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854)

Section 1(11)

Governing law of contract

n/a

Governing law provisions not replicated in EqA 2010. See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Establishments in Great Britain (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(12)

Definition of Great Britain

n/a

Territorial scope provisions not replicated in EqA 2010. See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Establishments in Great Britain (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 1(13)

Application to men as well as women

Section 66(1)

Unlike the EqPA 1970, the EqA 2010 is written in gender-neutral language.

Section 1A

Definition of political office

Paragraph 2, schedule 6

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Who can bring an equal pay claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854)

Section 2(1)

Complaint to employment tribunal

Section 127(1)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Claims and remedies (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2(1A)

Application for a declaration

Section 127(3)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Remedies (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2(3)

Civil court: power to strike out or refer to tribunal

Section 127(5) and 128

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Remedies (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2(4)

Time limit for bringing claim

Section 129(2)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Time limits for equal pay claims (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2(5)

Limit on arrears of pay

Section 132(3)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Remedies (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZA(2)

Definition of concealment case, disability case, stable employment case, standard case

Section 130

Disability case now called an incapacity case to avoid confusion with disability discrimination law. See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Time limits for equal pay claims (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZA(3)

Qualifying date in standard case

Section 129(3)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Standard cases (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZA(4)

Qualifying date in stable employment case

Section 129(3)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Stable work cases (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZA(5)

Qualifying date in concealment case

Section 129(3)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Concealment cases (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZA(6)

Qualifying date in disability case

Section 129(3)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Incapacity cases (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZA(7)

Qualifying date in concealment and disability case

Section 129(3)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Incapacity cases (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZB(2)

Definition of concealment case, disability case and standard case

Section 132(4)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Entitlement to arrears (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZB(3)

Arrears date in standard case

Section 132(4)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Entitlement to arrears (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZB(4)

Arrears date in concealment or disability case or both

Section 132(4)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Entitlement to arrears (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2ZC

Arrears in Scotland

Section 132(5)

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Entitlement to arrears (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 2A

Procedure in equal value cases

Section 131

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Work of equal value (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 6

Exclusions

Schedule 7

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Exclusions (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854) and Other categories of individual (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 7B

Questioning of employer (questionnaires)

Section 138

See Equal pay: overview: Equal pay questionnaires (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 11(2A)

Definition of "under a disability"

Section 141(6)

Now referred to as "incapacity" to avoid confusion with disability discrimination law. See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Incapacity cases (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).


Sex Discrimination Act 1975

A table showing destinations for the key employment provisions of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (SDA 1975), which was repealed on 1 October 2010 following the introduction of the Equality Act 2010 (EqA 2010).

SDA 1975

Description

EqA 2010 (unless stated)

Commentary

Section 1(1)(a)

Direct sex discrimination

Sections 4 and 13

See Practice note, Sex discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 1(2)

Indirect sex discrimination (work cases)

Section 19

See Practice note, Sex discrimination (EqA 2010): Indirect discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 2(2)

Special treatment afforded to women in connection with pregnancy or childbirth

Section 13(6)(b)

See Practice note, Pregnancy and maternity discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination under section 13 of the EqA 2010: Special treatment in connection with pregnancy or childbirth (www.practicallaw.com/0-502-9611).

Section 2A(1)

Direct discrimination on the grounds of gender reassignment

Sections 4 and 13

See Gender reassignment discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/4-503-0801).

Section 2A(2)-(4)

Gender reassignment, absence from work

Sections 7 and 16

See Gender reassignment discrimination (EqA 2010): Absence from work (www.practicallaw.com/4-503-0801).

Section 3(1)(a) and (2)

Direct discrimination against married persons and civil partners in employment

Sections 4 and 13

See Practice note, Marriage and civil partnership discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/9-503-1006).

Section 3(1)(b) and (2)

Indirect discrimination against married persons and civil partners in employment

Section 19

See Practice note, Marriage and civil partnership discrimination (EqA 2010): Indirect discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/9-503-1006).

Section 3A

Discrimination on grounds of pregnancy or maternity leave (employment)

Section 18

See Practice note, Pregnancy and maternity discrimination (EqA 2010): Discrimination because of pregnancy and maternity (www.practicallaw.com/0-502-9611).

Section 4

Discrimination by way of victimisation

Section 27

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Victimisation (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 4A

Harassment, including sexual Harassment

Section 26

See Practice note, Sex discrimination (EqA 2010): Harassment (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 5

Interpretation

Sections 11, 23 and 25

See Practice note, Sex discrimination (EqA 2010): Definition of sex (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610), Direct discrimination: Comparators (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610) and Types of discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 6(1)-6(2D)

Applicants and employees

Sections 39 and 40

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Unlawful discrimination against job applicants and employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 6(2)-6(2D)

Applicants and employees: third party harassment

Section 40(2)-(4)

See Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Employers' liability for third party harassment (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 6(5) and (6)

Exclusion of equal pay claims

Sections 70 and 71

Changed to enable direct sex discrimination claims in relation to contractual pay where no equal pay claim can be made out. See Practice notes, Equal pay: overview: Equal pay or sex discrimination claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854) and Sex discrimination (EqA 2010): The relationship between sex discrimination and equal pay (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 6(7)

Benefits and services provided to the public

Paragraph 19, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Providing benefits to the public (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 6A

Exception relating to terms and conditions during maternity leave

Paragraph 17, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Equal pay: overview: Effect of the maternity equality clause (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854).

Section 7

Exception where sex is a genuine occupational qualification

Part 1, Schedule 9

GOQs replaced by "occupational requirements". See Practice note, Sex discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 7A

Genuine occupational qualification exception relating to gender reassignment discrimination

Part 1, Schedule 9

GOQs replaced by "occupational requirements". See Practice note, Gender reassignment discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/4-503-0801).

Section 7B

Supplementary occupational qualification exceptions relating to gender reassignment

Part 1, Schedule 9

GOQs replaced by "occupational requirements". See Practice note, Gender reassignment discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/4-503-0801).

Section 8

Equal Pay Act 1970

Sections 70 and 71

Changed to enable direct sex discrimination claims in relation to contractual pay where no equal pay claim can be made out. See Practice notes, Equal pay: overview: Equal pay or sex discrimination claim? (www.practicallaw.com/2-381-2854) and Sex discrimination (EqA 2010): The relationship between sex discrimination and equal pay (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 9

Contract workers

Section 41

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Agency workers and other "contract workers" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 10

Meaning of employment at establishment in Great Britain

n/a

Territorial scope provisions not replicated in EqA 2010. See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Territorial scope of the EqA 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 10A and 10B

Office-holders etc.

Sections 49, 50, 51 and 52

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 11

Partnerships

Sections 44, 45 and 46

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 12

Trade unions etc.

Section 57

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 13

Qualifications bodies

Sections 53 and 54

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 14

Persons concerned with provision of vocational training

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 15

Employment agencies etc.

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 16

Training Commission etc.

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 17

Police

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 18

Prison officers

n/a

Requirements relating to height could not amount to unlawful sex discrimination under the SDA 1975. This is not repeated in the EqA 2010 so a discriminatory height requirement would have to amount to an occupational requirement. See Practice note, Sex Discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 19

Ministers of religion etc.

Paragraph 2, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Sex Discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements: Organised religion OR (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 20A

Relationships which have come to an end

Section 108

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Former employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 35A

Barristers

Section 47

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 35B

Advocates

Section 48

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 37

Discriminatory practices

Section 24A, Equality Act 2006

Inserted by paragraph 13 of Schedule 26 to the EqA 2010. See Practice note, Equality and Human Rights Commission: Enforcement powers (www.practicallaw.com/3-376-2349).

Section 38

Discriminatory advertisements

Section 39, EqA 2010 and section 24A, Equality Act 2006

Specific provisions on adverts are no longer necessary as discriminatory adverts are unlawful under section 39 of the EqA 2010. See Practice notes, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Advertisements (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484) and Equality and Human Rights Commission: Enforcement powers (www.practicallaw.com/3-376-2349).

Section 39

Instructions to discriminate

Section 111

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Instructing, causing or inducing unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 40

Pressure to discriminate

Section 111

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Instructing, causing or inducing unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 41

Liability of employers and principals

Section 109

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Employers' liability for acts of employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 41(3)

Reasonable steps defence

Section 109(4)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): The "reasonable steps" defence (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 42

Aiding unlawful acts

Section 112

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Knowingly helping unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 45

Insurance

Paragraph 20, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Sex Discrimination (EqA 2010): Other exceptions (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9610).

Section 47

Discriminatory training by certain bodies (positive action)

Section 158

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Positive action (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 48

Other discriminatory training (positive action)

Section 158

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Positive action (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 51

Acts done for purposes of protection of women

Paragraph 2, Schedule 22

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Protection of women (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 52

Acts safeguarding national security

Section 192

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): National security (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 62

Restriction of proceedings for breach

Section 113

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 63

Jurisdiction of employment tribunal

Section 120

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 63A

Burden of proof

Section 136

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: burden of proof (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/1-502-3939).

Section 65

Remedies

Section 124

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: compensation and other remedies (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-4614).

Section 74

Help for aggrieved persons in obtaining information (questionnaire procedure)

Section 138

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 76

Period within which proceedings to be brought (time limits)

Section 123

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): Time limits for discrimination claims (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 76A

Public authorities: general statutory duty

Section 149

See PLC Public Sector Practice note, Public sector equality duties (www.practicallaw.com/2-503-2716).

Section 76B

Specific duties

Section 153

See PLC Public Sector Practice note, Public sector equality duties (www.practicallaw.com/2-503-2716).

Section 76C

Specific duties (Scotland)

Sections 150, 151, 152, 153 and 154

See PLC Public Sector Practice note, Public sector equality duties (www.practicallaw.com/2-503-2716).

Section 77

Validity and revision of contracts

Sections 142, 143, 144 and 147

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: overview (EqA 2010): Discriminatory contract terms (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-5688).

Section 77(4A)-(4D)

Compromise contracts

Section 147

There are difficulties with the drafting of this provision. See Practice note, Compromising employment claims: Potential problems with settling discrimination claims under the Equality Act 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/2-200-3350).

Section 82

General interpretation (including definition of gender reassignment)

Sections 7, 212, 213 and 214, and Schedule 28

See Practice note, Gender reassignment discrimination (EqA 2010): Definition of gender reassignment (www.practicallaw.com/4-503-0801).

Section 85

Application to Crown

Sections 50, 79(5), 80(2)(b), 83(2) and (7) and paragraph 4, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

 

Race Relations Act 1976

A table showing destinations for the key employment provisions of the Race Relations Act 1976 (RRA 1976), which was repealed on 1 October 2010 following the introduction of the Equality Act 2010 (EqA 2010).

RRA 1976

Description

EqA 2010 (unless stated)

Commentary

Section 1(1)(a)

Direct discrimination

Sections 4 and 13

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 1(1)(b)

Indirect discrimination (nationality)

Section 19

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Removal of "twin-track" approach to race discrimination claims (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 1A

Indirect discrimination (race, ethnic or national origins)

Section 19

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Indirect discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 2

Victimisation

Section 27

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Victimisation (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 3

Meaning of racial grounds, racial group etc.

Section 9

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Definition of race (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 3A

Harassment

Section 26

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Harassment (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 4

Applicants and employees

Sections 39 and 40

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Unlawful discrimination against job applicants and employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 4A

Exception for genuine occupational requirement

Part 1, Schedule 9

Now "occupational requirements". See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 5

Exceptions for genuine occupational qualifications

Part 1, Schedule 9

Genuine occupational qualification provisions not replicated in the EqA 2010. Replaced by occupational requirement exception. See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 6

Exception for training for skills to be exercised outside Great Britain

Paragraph 4, Schedule 23

Now relates to skills to be exercised outside the EEA. See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Other exceptions (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 7

Contract workers

Section 41

Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Agency workers and other "contract workers" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484)

Section 8

Meaning of employment at an establishment in Great Britain

n/a

Territorial scope provisions not replicated in EqA 2010. See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Territorial scope of the EqA 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 9

Exception for seamen recruited abroad

n/a

There is now a more limited exception, set out in the Equality Act 2010 (Work on Ships and Hovercraft) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/1771). See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Other exceptions (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 10

Partnerships

Sections 44, 45 and 46

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 11

Trade unions etc.

Section 57

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 12

Qualifying bodies

Sections 53 and 54

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 13

Persons concerned with provision of vocational training

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 14

Employment agencies

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 15

Training Commission etc.

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 26A

Barristers

Section 47

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 26B

Advocates

Section 48

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 27A

Relationships which have come to an end

Section 108

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Former employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 28

Discriminatory practices

Section 24A, Equality Act 2006

Inserted by para 13 of Schedule 26, EqA 2010. See Practice note, Equality and Human Rights Commission: Enforcement powers (www.practicallaw.com/3-376-2349).

Section 29

Discriminatory advertisements

Section 39, EqA 2010 and section 24A, Equality Act 2006

Specific provisions on adverts no longer necessary as discriminatory adverts are unlawful under section 39. See Practice notes, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Advertisements (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484) and Equality and Human Rights Commission: Enforcement powers (www.practicallaw.com/3-376-2349).

Section 30

Instructions to commit unlawful acts

Section 111

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Instructing, causing or inducing unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 31

Pressure to commit unlawful acts

Section 111

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Instructing, causing or inducing unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 32

Liability of employers and principals

Section 109

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Employers' liability for acts of employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 32(3)

Reasonable steps defence

Section 109(4)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): The "reasonable steps" defence (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 33

Aiding unlawful acts

Section 112

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Knowingly helping unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 35

Special needs of racial groups in relation to education, training or welfare

Section 158

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Positive action (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 36

Provision of education or training for persons not ordinarily resident in Great Britain

Paragraph 4, Schedule 23

Now relates to skills to be exercised outside the EEA. See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Other exceptions (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 37

Discriminatory training by certain bodies (positive action)

Section 158

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Positive action (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 38

Other discriminatory training (positive action)

Section 158

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Positive action (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 41

Acts done under statutory authority

Paragraph 1, Schedule 23

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Nationality: Statutory authority (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).

Section 42

Acts safeguarding national security

Section 192

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): National security (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 53

Restriction of proceedings for breach

Section 113

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 54

Jurisdiction of employment tribunals

Section 120

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 54A

Burden of proof

Section 136

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: burden of proof (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/1-502-3939).

Section 56

Remedies

Section 124

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: compensation and other remedies (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-4614).

Section 65

Help for aggrieved persons in obtaining information (questionnaires)

Section 138

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 68

Period within which proceedings must be brought (time limits)

Section 123

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): Time limits for discrimination claims (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 71

General statutory duty

Section 149

See PLC Public Sector Practice note, Public sector equality duties (www.practicallaw.com/2-503-2716).

Section 71A

General statutory duty: special cases (immigration and nationality)

Paragraph 2, Schedule 18

See PLC Public Sector Practice note, Public sector equality duties (www.practicallaw.com/2-503-2716).

Section 71B

General statutory duty: Scotland and Wales

Section 152

See PLC Public Sector Practice note, Public sector equality duties (www.practicallaw.com/2-503-2716).

Section 72

Validity and revision of contracts

Sections 142, 143, 144 and 147

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: overview (EqA 2010): Discriminatory contract terms (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-5688).

Section 72(4A)-(4D)

Compromise contracts

Section 147

There are difficulties with the drafting of this provision. See Practice note, Compromising employment claims: Potential problems with settling discrimination claims under the Equality Act 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/2-200-3350).

Section 72A

Collective agreements and rules of undertakings

Sections 145, 146 and 148

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: overview (EqA 2010): Discriminatory contract terms (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-5688).

Section 75

Application to Crown

Sections 50, 79(5), 80(2)(b) and 83(2) and (7)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 75A

Application to House of Commons Staff

Section 83(2) and (5)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 75B

Application to House of Lords Staff

Section 83(2) and (6)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 76

Government appointments

Sections 49, 50, 51 and 52

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 76ZA

Other office-holders

Sections 49, 50, 51 and 52

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 76A

Police

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 76B

Other police bodies

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 78

General interpretation (including meaning of racial grounds and racial group)

Sections 9, 212, 213 and 214, and Schedule 28

See Practice note, Race discrimination (EqA 2010): Definition of race (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0343).


Disability Discrimination Act 1995

A table showing destinations for the key employment provisions of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA 1995), which was repealed on 1 October 2010 following the introduction of the Equality Act 2010 (EqA 2010).

DDA 1995

Description

EqA 2010 (unless stated)

Commentary

Section 1

Meaning of disability and disabled person

Section 6 and Schedule 1

See Practice note, Disability discrimination: the definition of disability (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-4848).

Section 2

Past disabilities

Section 6(4)

See Practice note, Disability discrimination: the definition of disability (EqA 2010): Past disabilities qualify (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-4848).

Section 3

Guidance

Section 6(5)

See Practice note, Disability discrimination: the definition of disability (EqA 2010): Statutory guidance and EHRC Code (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-4848).

Section 3A(1)

Disability-related discrimination

Sections 15 and 19

Disability-related discrimination has been replaced by the concepts of discrimination arising from disability and indirect disability discrimination. See Practice note, Disability discrimination (EqA 2010): Discrimination arising from disability (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-7601) and Indirect discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-7601).

Section 3A(2)

Discrimination by failure to make reasonable adjustments

Sections 20 and 21, and Schedule 8

See Practice note, Disability discrimination (EqA 2010): Failing to make reasonable adjustments (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-7601).

Section 3A(5)

Direct discrimination

Sections 4 and 13

See Practice note, Disability discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-7601).

Section 3B

Harassment

Section 26

See Practice note, Disability discrimination (EqA 2010): Harassment (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-7601).

Section 4

Employers: discrimination and harassment

Sections 39 and 40

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Unlawful discrimination against job applicants and employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 4A

Employers: duty to make adjustments

Sections 20, 21 and 39(5), and Schedule 8

See Practice note, Disability discrimination (EqA 2010): Failing to make reasonable adjustments (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-7601).

Section 4B

Contract workers

Section 41

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Agency workers and other "contract workers" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Sections 4C-4F

Office-holders

Sections 49, 50, 51 and 52

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Sections 6A-6C

Partnerships

Sections 44, 45 and 46

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Sections 7A and 7B

Barristers

Section 47

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Sections 7C and 7D

Advocates

Section 48

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Sections 13 and 14

Trade organisations

Section 57

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Sections 14A and 14B

Qualifications bodies

Sections 53 and 54

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 14C and 14D

Practical work experience

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 16A

Relationships which have come to an end

Section 108

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Former employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 16B

Discriminatory advertisements

Section 39, EqA 2010 and section 24A, Equality Act 2006

Specific provisions on adverts are no longer necessary as discriminatory adverts are unlawful under section 39 of the EqA 2010. See Practice notes, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Advertisements (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484) and Equality and Human Rights Commission: Enforcement powers (www.practicallaw.com/3-376-2349).

Section 16C

Instructions and pressure to discriminate

Section 111

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Instructing, causing or inducing unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 17A(1)

Enforcement

Section 120

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 17A(1C)

Burden of proof

Section 136

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: burden of proof (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/1-502-3939).

Section 17A(2)-(6)

Remedies

Section 124

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: compensation and other remedies (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-4614).

Section 18B

Reasonable adjustments (supplementary)

n/a

Section 18B of the DDA 1995 contained a list of factors that had to be taken into account when determining whether an adjustment was reasonable. This list is not found in the EqA 2010, but there is a power in section 22 to make regulations. See Practice note, Disability discrimination (EqA 2010): Reasonableness of adjustments (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-7601).

Section 21A

Employment services

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Sections 49A-49D

Public authority duties

Sections 149,150, 151, 152, 153 and 154

See PLC Public Sector Practice note, Public sector equality duties (www.practicallaw.com/2-503-2716).

Section 55

Victimisation

Section 27

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Victimisation (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 56

Help for aggrieved persons in obtaining information (questionnaires)

Section 138

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Section 57

Aiding unlawful acts

Section 112

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Knowingly helping unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Section 58

Liability of employers and principals

Section 109

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Employers' liability for acts of employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 59

Statutory authority and national security etc

Section 192 and Schedule 22

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): National security (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493) and Statutory authority (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Section 64

Application to Crown

Sections 50, 79(5), 80(2)(b) and 83(2) and (7)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 64A

Police

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Section 65

Application to Parliament

Section 83(2), (5) and (6)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Schedule 1

Provisions supplementing section 1 (definition of disability)

Schedule 1

See Practice note, Disability discrimination: the definition of disability (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/3-502-4848).

Paragraph 2, Schedule 3

Restriction of proceedings

Section 113

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Paragraph 3, Schedule 3

Period within which proceedings must be brought (time limits)

Section 123

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): Time limits for discrimination claims (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Part 1, Schedule 3A

Validity and revision of contracts

Sections 142, 143, 144 and 147

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: overview (EqA 2010): Discriminatory contract terms (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-5688).

Paragraph 2, Schedule 3A

Compromising claims

Section 147

There are difficulties with the drafting of this provision. See Practice note, Compromising employment claims: Potential problems with settling discrimination claims under the Equality Act 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/2-200-3350).

Part 2, Schedule 3A

Collective agreements and rules of undertakings

Sections 145, 146 and 148

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: overview (EqA 2010): Discriminatory contract terms (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-5688).

 

Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003

A table showing destinations for the key employment provisions of the Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/1660) (Religion or Belief Regulations), which were repealed on 1 October 2010 following the introduction of the Equality Act 2010 (EqA 2010).

Religion or belief Regulations

Description

EqA 2010

Commentary

Regulation 2(1)

Definition of religion and belief

Section 10

See Practice note, Religion or belief discrimination (EqA 2010): Definition of religion or belief (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-4177).

Regulation 3(1)(a)

Direct discrimination

Sections 4 and 13

See Practice note, Religion or belief discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-4177).

Regulation 3(1)(b)

Indirect discrimination

Section 19

See Practice note, Religion or belief discrimination (EqA 2010): Indirect discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-4177).

Regulation 3(3)

Comparators

Section 23(1)

See Practice note, Religion or belief discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination: Comparators (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-4177).

Regulation 4

Victimisation

Section 27

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Victimisation (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Regulation 5

Harassment

Section 26

See Practice note, Religion or belief discrimination (EqA 2010): Harassment (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-4177).

Regulation 6

Applicants and employees

Sections 39 and 40

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Unlawful discrimination against job applicants and employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 7

Exception for genuine occupational requirement

Part 1, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Religion or belief discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-4177).

Regulation 8

Contract workers

Section 41

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Agency workers and other "contract workers" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 9

Meaning of employment and contract work at establishment in Great Britain

n/a

Territorial scope provisions not replicated in EqA 2010. See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Territorial scope of the EqA 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 10

Office-holders etc.

Sections 49, 50, 51 and 52

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 11

Police

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 11A

Serious Organised Crime Agency

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 12

Barristers

Section 47

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 13

Advocates

Section 48

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 14

Partnerships

Sections 44, 45 and 46

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 15

Trade organisations

Section 57

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 16

Qualifications bodies

Sections 53 and 54

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 17

The provision of vocational training

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 18

Employment agencies, careers guidance etc.

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 19

Assisting persons to obtain employment

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 21

Relationships which have come to an end

Section 108

SeePractice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Former employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 22

Liability of employers and principals

Section 109

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Employers' liability for acts of employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 22(3)

Reasonable steps defence

Section 109(4)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): The "reasonable steps" defence (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 23

Aiding unlawful acts

Section 112

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Knowingly helping unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Regulation 24

Exception for national security

Section 192

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): National security (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Regulation 25

Exception for positive action

Section 158

See Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Positive action (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Regulation 26

Protection of Sikhs from discrimination in connection with requirements as to wearing of safety helmets

Paragraph 5, Schedule 26

See Practice note, Religion or belief discrimination (EqA 2010): Exceptions: when religion or belief discrimination may be lawful: Sikhs and safety helmets (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-4177).

Regulation 27

Restriction of proceedings for breach of Regulations

Section 113

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 28

Jurisdiction of employment tribunals

Section 120

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 29

Burden of proof

Section 136

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: burden of proof (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/1-502-3939).

Regulation 30

Remedies

Section 124

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: compensation and other remedies (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-4614).

Regulation 33

Help for persons in obtaining information (questionnaires)

Section 138

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 34

Period within which proceedings to be brought (time limits)

Section 123

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): Time limits for discrimination claims (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 36

Application to the Crown etc.

Sections 50, 79(5), 80(2)(b), 83(2) and (7) and

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 37

Application to House of Commons staff

Section 83(2) and (5)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 38

Application to House of Lords staff

Section 83(2) and (6)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Schedule 2

Questionnaire of person aggrieved

n/a

Form contained in Equality Act 2010 (Obtaining Information) Order 2010 (SI 2010/2194). See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Schedule 3

Reply by respondent

n/a

Form contained in Equality Act 2010 (Obtaining Information) Order 2010 (SI 2010/2194). See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Schedule 4

Validity of contracts, collective agreement and rules of undertakings

Sections 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147 and 148

See Practice notes, Discrimination in employment: overview (EqA 2010): Discriminatory contract terms (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-5688) and Compromising employment claims: Potential problems with settling discrimination claims under the Equality Act 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/2-200-3350).


Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003

A table showing destinations for the key employment provisions of the Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/1661) (Sexual Orientation Regulations), which were repealed on 1 October 2010 following the introduction of the Equality Act 2010 (EqA 2010).

Sexual Orientation Regulations

Description

EqA 2010

Commentary

Regulation 2(1)

Definition of sexual orientation

Section 12

See Practice note, Sexual orientation discrimination (EqA 2010): Definition of sexual orientation (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0116).

Regulation 3(1)(a)

Direct discrimination

Sections 4 and 13

See Practice note, Sexual orientation discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0116).

Regulation 3(1)(b)

Indirect discrimination

Section 19

See Practice note, Sexual orientation discrimination (EqA 2010): Indirect discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0116).

Regulation 3(2) and (3)

Comparators

Section 23(1) and (3)

See Practice note, Sexual orientation discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination: Comparators (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0116).

Regulation 4

Victimisation

Section 27

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Victimisation (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Regulation 5

Harassment

Section 26

See Practice note, Sexual orientation discrimination (EqA 2010): Harassment (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0116).

Regulation 6

Applicants and employees

Sections 39 and 40

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Unlawful discrimination against job applicants and employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 7

Exception for genuine occupational requirement

Part 1, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Sexual orientation discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0116).

Regulation 8

Contract workers

Section 41

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Agency workers and other "contract workers" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 9

Meaning of employment and contract work at establishment in Great Britain

n/a

Territorial scope provisions not replicated in EqA 2010. See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Territorial scope of the EqA 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 10

Office-holders etc.

Sections 49, 50, 51 and 52

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 11

Police

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 11A

Serious Organised Crime Agency

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 12

Barristers

Section 47

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 13

Advocates

Section 48

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 14

Partnerships

Sections 44, 45 and 46

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 15

Trade organisations

Section 57

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 16

Qualifications bodies

Sections 53 and 54

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 17

The provision of vocational training

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 18

Employment agencies, careers guidance etc.

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 19

Assisting persons to obtain employment

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 21

Relationships which have come to an end

Section 108

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Former employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 22

Liability of employers and principals

Section 109

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Employers' liability for acts of employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 22(3)

Reasonable steps defence

Section 109(4)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): The "reasonable steps" defence (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 23

Aiding unlawful acts

Section 112

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Knowingly helping unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Regulation 24

Exception for national security

Section 192

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): National security (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Regulation 25

Exception for benefits dependent on a person's status

Paragraph 18, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Sexual orientation discrimination (EqA 2010): Benefits dependent on marital status (www.practicallaw.com/7-503-0116).

Regulation 26

Exceptions for positive action

Section 158

See Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Positive action (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Regulation 27

Restriction of proceedings for breach of Regulations

Section 113

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 28

Jurisdiction of employment tribunals

Section 120

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 29

Burden of proof

Section 136

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: burden of proof (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/1-502-3939).

Regulation 30

Remedies

Section 124

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: compensation and other remedies (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-4614).

Regulation 33

Help for persons in obtaining information (questionnaire procedure)

Section 138

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 34

Period within which proceedings to be brought (time limits)

Section 123

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): Time limits for discrimination claims (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 36

Application to the Crown etc.

Sections 50, 79(5), 80(2)(b) and 83(2) and (7)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 37

Application to House of Commons staff

Section 83(2) and (5)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 38

Application to House of Lords staff

Section 83(2) and (6)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Schedule 2

Questionnaire of person aggrieved

n/a

Form contained in Equality Act 2010 (Obtaining Information) Order 2010 (SI 2010/2194). See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Schedule 3

Reply by respondent

n/a

Form contained in Equality Act 2010 (Obtaining Information) Order 2010 (SI 2010/2194). See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Schedule 4

Validity of contracts, collective agreement and rules of undertakings

Sections 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147 and 148

See Practice notes, Discrimination in employment: overview (EqA 2010): Discriminatory contract terms (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-5688) and Compromising employment claims: Potential problems with settling discrimination claims under the Equality Act 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/2-200-3350).

 

Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006

A table showing destinations for the key employment provisions of the Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006 (SI 2006/1031) (Age Regulations 2006), which were repealed on 1 October 2010 following the introduction of the Equality Act 2010 (EqA 2010).

Age Regulations 2006

Description

EqA 2010

Commentary

Regulation 3(1)(a)

Direct discrimination

Sections 4 and 13

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 3(1)(b)

Indirect discrimination

Section 19

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Indirect discrimination (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 3(2)

Comparators

Section 23(1)

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Direct discrimination: Comparators (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 3(3)

Definition of age

Section 5

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Definition of age (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 4

Victimisation

Section 27

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Victimisation (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Regulation 5

Instructions to discriminate

Section 111

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Instructing, causing or inducing unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599)

Regulation 6

Harassment

Section 26

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Harassment (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 7

Applicants and employees

Sections 39 and 40

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Unlawful discrimination against job applicants and employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 7(4) and (5)

Exception relating to persons at or nearing retirement age

Paragraphs 8 and 9, Schedule 9

See Practice notes, Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Job applicants at or approaching retirement age (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096) and Retirement before 6 April 2011 (www.practicallaw.com/0-236-4965).

Repealed on 6 April 2011.

Regulation 7(6)

Benefits and services provided to the public

Paragraph 19, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): Providing benefits to the public (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493)

Regulation 8

Genuine occupational requirement

Part 1, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Occupational requirements (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 9

Contract workers

Section 41

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Agency workers and other "contract workers" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 10

Meaning of employment at establishment in Great Britain

n/a

Territorial scope provisions not replicated in EqA 2010. See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Territorial scope of the EqA 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 12

Office-holders etc.

Sections 49, 50, 51 and 52

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 13

Police

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 14

Serious Organised Crime Agency

Sections 42 and 43

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 15

Barristers

Section 47

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 16

Advocates

Section 48

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 17

Partnerships

Sections 44, 45 and 46

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 18

Trade organisations

Section 57

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 19

Qualifications bodies

Sections 53 and 54

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 20

Provision of vocational training

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 21

Employment agencies, careers guidance etc.

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 22

Assisting persons to obtain employment

Sections 55 and 56

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Categories of protected individual (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 24

Relationships which have come to an end

Section 108

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Former employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 25

Liability of employers and principals

Section 109

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Employers' liability for acts of employees (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 25(3)

Reasonable steps defence

Section 109(4)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): The "reasonable steps" defence (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 26

Aiding unlawful acts

Section 112

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: types of discrimination (EqA 2010): Knowingly helping unlawful acts (www.practicallaw.com/4-502-2599).

Regulation 27

Exception for statutory authority

Paragraph 1, Schedule 22

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Other exceptions (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 28

Exception for national security

Section 192

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: exceptions (EqA 2010): National security (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-3493).

Regulation 29

Exception for positive action

Section 158

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Positive action (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 30

Exception for retirement

Paragraph 8, Schedule 9

See Practice notes, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Retirement (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096) and Retirement before 6 April 2011 (www.practicallaw.com/0-236-4965).

Repealed on 6 April 2011, although there are transitional provisions. See Legal update, Draft regulations on abolition of the default retirement age revised (www.practicallaw.com/0-504-9888).

Regulation 31

Exception for national minimum wage

Paragraphs 11 and 12, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): National minimum wage (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 32

Exception for provision of certain benefits based on length of service

Paragraph 10, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Service-related benefits (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 33

Exception for provision of enhanced redundancy payments to employees

Paragraph 13, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Redundancy pay (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Regulation 34

Exception for provision of life assurance cover

Paragraph 14, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Age discrimination (EqA 2010): Insurance benefits (www.practicallaw.com/6-502-7096).

Amended on 6 April 2011.

Regulation 35

Restriction of proceedings for breach of Regulations

Section 113

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 36

Jurisdiction of employment tribunals

Section 120

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 37

Burden of proof

Section 136

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: burden of proof (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/1-502-3939).

Regulation 38

Remedies

Section 124

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: compensation and other remedies (EqA 2010) (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-4614).

Regulation 41

Help for persons in obtaining information (questionnaires)

Section 138

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 42

Period within which proceedings to be brought (time limits)

Section 123

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): Time limits for discrimination claims (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Regulation 44

Application to the Crown etc.

Section 83(2) and (9) and paragraph 4, Schedule 9

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 45

Application to House of Commons staff

Section 83(2) and (5)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Regulation 46

Application to House of Lords staff

Section 83(2) and (6)

See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: who is protected and who is liable? (EqA 2010): Scope of "employment" (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-3484).

Schedule 3

Questionnaire of person aggrieved

n/a

Form contained in Equality Act 2010 (Obtaining Information) Order 2010 (SI 2010/2194). See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Schedule 4

Reply by respondent

n/a

Form contained in Equality Act 2010 (Obtaining Information) Order 2010 (SI 2010/2194). See Practice note, Discrimination in employment: bringing and defending claims (EqA 2010): The questionnaire procedure (www.practicallaw.com/7-502-5011).

Schedule 5

Validity of contracts, collective agreement and rules of undertakings

Sections 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147 and 148

See Practice notes, Discrimination in employment: overview (EqA 2010): Discriminatory contract terms (www.practicallaw.com/2-502-5688) and Compromising employment claims: Potential problems with settling discrimination claims under the Equality Act 2010 (www.practicallaw.com/2-200-3350).

Schedule 6

Duty to consider working beyond retirement

n/a

Schedule 6 of the Age Regulations, which sets out the "duty to consider procedure" (see Practice note, Retirement before 6 April 2011: Effecting retirement: the duty to consider procedure (www.practicallaw.com/0-236-4965)) was not revoked by the EqA 2010. However, it was repealed on 6 April 2011.


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